North American Distribution (Non-native, Adventive Species)
Coefficient of Conservatism
Year of earliest detection in Delaware (Non-native, Invasive species)
1860 or earlier
Global Origin (Non-native Species)
Part used: Fresh herb. Internally used as tea, tincture, capsules, or fresh juice for inflammation of gastrointestinal, respiratory, and urinary tracts. Topically used as a poultice for skin irritations, ulcers, wounds, hemorrhoids, and blepharitis. Filtered juice used as an eyewash for conjunctivitis.