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Search Term(s): Oenothera biennis   (1 record found)

Evening Primrose Family
Oenothera biennis  (common evening-primrose)   
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Carex Section
Meaning of Scientific Name
Oenothera: wine-scented, pursuing wine; biennis: biennial
Life Form
Perennial Herb
Phenology (Flowering Period)
Physiographic Province
☑ Piedmont
☑ Coastal Plain

County Distribution
☑ New Castle
☑ Kent
☑ Sussex

Old fields, edges, roadsides
State Status
Piedmont Status
Coastal Plain Status
Global Rank
Federal Status
Geographic Affinity
Species at Limit of Distribution
☐ Northern
☐ Southern

North American Distribution (Non-indigenous Species)
Coefficient of Conservatism
Invasive Watchlist
Global Origin (Non-native Species)
Wildlife Values
Flowers attract a variety of moth species.
Medicinal Properties
Parts used: Herb, Root, Flower, Seed Oil. Herb, root and flower used internally in tea or tincture form for spastic colon, Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Disorder, bladder spasms, urinary frequency, and irritative coughs with excess mucus. An ointment made from the herb is used for eczema, cradle cap, and psoriasis. Seed oil is internally used for PMS and menopause symptoms, as well as autoimmune diseases like MS, schleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, eczema, and allergic asthma.
ID Notes
Additional Info
Habitats in which this plant occurs
Early Successional Herbaceous Upland Habitats (Piedmont Native Grassland)
Early Successional Shrub/Brush Upland Habitats (Coastal Plain Old Field)